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Golf Terms You Should Know


ACE : The ball is put into the hole in one stroke. This is also called hole 'in one'.

ADDERSS : It is the golfer's transition to hitting state. The player indicates that he has entered the "hit state" by touching his club somewhere behind the ball. There is no such requirement for Hazard hits. This is also called setup.

ADVICE : Consultation. Any exchange of ideas that may affect the player's style of play, club selection, and stroke is counted. Questions about the location or publicly known issues, such as the rules, the location of obstacles or the direction of the flagpole on the Green, are not within the scope of the consultation.

AIR SHOT : It means that the club does not hit the golf ball while hitting, that is, it misses. This player is awarded a penalty point.

ALBATROS : This term is the score for a hole in Britain three less than the par number. In the US, this term is known as a double eagle. Applies only to holes with par numbers four and five.

ALIGNMENT : Bringing the feet, hips and shoulders in line before kicking.

ALL SQUARE : It is called equal number cases in matchplay game.

ANTISHANK : It is a club design prepared to eliminate the possibility of accidentally hitting the ball with a hosel while hitting the ball. It is not used in the game according to the rules.

APPROACH PUTT : It is a putting shot made to be very close to the hole, not to enter the hole.

APPROACH SHOT : Shots made from the rough or fairway to the green, excluding the teeing ground.

APRON : It is the grass strip surrounding the green. Its grass length is slightly shorter than fairway grass and slightly longer than green grass. It is also called semigreen or fringe.

AWAY : It is the name given to the player whose ball is farthest from the flagpole in the hole played. In the continuation of the game, this player makes the first hit. Others take their batting order according to their distance.

AWFUL SHOTS: It is the name given to strokes more than plus 2 (Double Bogey) in scoring degree in golf game.

BACK NINE (In-Holes): The name given to the second nine-hole section of an 18-hole golf course.

BACKSPIN : With a very good hitting technique, when the ball takes off towards the target, it rotates around its own axis from front to back like a pinwheel. This kick ensures that the ball does not roll too much when it hits the court and comes to a stop quickly.

BACKSWING : The first of the three parts of the swing kick. It is the lifting of the club by making an arc from the back of the ball back and towards the shoulder. At the end of the movement, the head of the golf club indicates the target direction.

BAFFY-BAFFIE : It is a club made of durable wood and similar to wood numbered 3 or 4, which is still in use today. The most important feature of this club is that it has a long face for high shots from the fairway.

PADDING : It is a natural and synthetic material that covers the golf ball.

BALL DEEMED TO MOVE / MOVED: The ball that is considered played. The ball is considered played if it leaves its position and stops elsewhere. If the ball has been displaced by non-play factors while at rest, the player may return the ball without penalty.

BALL HOLED / HOLED: The ball is in the pit. It is called when the whole of the ball passes through the mouth of the hole and falls to the bottom of the hole.

BALL IN PLAY : Played ball. The ball is in play when the player takes the kick from the tee. This is the ball played until it is in the hole if the ball is lost during play, goes out of bounds or is replaced by a relevant rule. If changed according to the rules, the new ball counts as the played ball.

BALL LOST / LOST BALL : Losing ball. The ball is considered lost in the following situations. The ball is not found by the player, his partner or their caddies within 5 minutes after it was searched where it fell, or it cannot be identified by the player as his own ball, The player throws another ball into play, based on the right recognized by the rules, before the player has yet searched for the first ball hit, a temporary ball is played from the place where it is likely to be found or from a point closer to the hole from that place, so that it becomes a played ball.

BANANA BALL : It's a slang phrase. It is the swing of the ball from right to left in a very short distance during the stroke. So it's a kind of "slice". (Directions are for right-handed players.)

BARROW-BREAK : A British term, barrow is the name given to a putting shot that deviates from its correct direction due to Green's tendencies.

BENT GRASS : It is a kind of very thin grass cover found in green areas.

BEST-BALL  : It is one of the game types in golf. In Best - Ball, one person competes against the better ball of two players or the best ball of three players.

BETTER - BALL  : In the Four - Ball match game, it is the competition of the best balls of two matchmakers against the best balls of the other two matchmakers.

BIRDIE : Score one hole less than par.

BISQUE BOGEY: Some of the rights granted to handicapped players, as required by the rules, in some competition forms of golf.

BITE : It is the form of hitting the green with the backspin technique. The ball does not roll much after it falls.

BLADE : It is the name given to some putter and iron used in the past. A wrong hit is also called this. It is hitting the ball from the top of its center with the bottom edge of the face instead of the club's face.

BLASTER : Another name given to the club with the highest loft angle (56°). Generally, this club is called sand vedge.

BLIND SHOT / LIND HOLE : If the flag of the hole played cannot be seen from the starting parts of the teen ground or fairway, such holes are called blind holes. Shots made without seeing this flag are called blind shots.

BLOCK : It is the name given to the action that prevents the club face from hitting the ball normally.

BOGEY : A score made on a hole by one more than the par number.

BOGEY COMPETITON : It is one of the game types played on the golf course with the points determined according to the rules.

BORON : In some wood clubs, it is the application of boron to strengthen the spiral wire wrapped around the neck.

BRASSIE : It is a wooden fairway club with brass protection, which has the same features as modern 2-wood. It is a term still used today.

BREAK / BORROW : It is the name given to the putting shot that deviates from its right direction due to the slopes on the green .

BRUTTO / GROSS SCORE : The total score at the end of 18 holes, regardless of the number of handicaps.

BULGER DRIVER : It is a kind of number 1 wood club. It is no longer used today.

BUNKER : Americans also use the sand trap phrase for bunker. The bunker is a specially prepared obstacle pit filled with sand or similar material by removing the soil and grass cover inside. There are three types of bunkers. Greenside is around Bunker Green. The Fairway Bunker is on Fairway. The Coss Bunker is the bunker that cuts perpendicularly to the Fairway.

BURRIED LIE : Most of the ball is buried in the sand inside the bunker.

BURN / SCOTTISH STREAM : It is the name given to the river, stream or stream in the field in Scottish language.

BYE : The name given to playing the remaining holes out of competition if a matchplay competition has been won on the 18th hole or earlier.

CADDIE : It is the person who carries and takes care of the player's clubs during the game and helps the player in all matters during the game within the framework of the rules. Caddie can serve one or more players.

CADDY : It is a kind of car that can be pulled manually or used to carry the golf bag that works with electrical installation.

CARRY : It is the distance between the point where the ball first hits and the point where it hits the ground.

CASUAL WATER : Temporary water. Any temporary puddle of water on the field that is not a water barrier, but before or after the player has taken a stroke. The interpretation of snow and ice as temporary water or rootless body is left to the player's choice. Artificial ice is a hindrance. Rime is not temporary water. The player can change the position of the ball in accordance with the rules without losing penalty points.

CENTER - SHAFT PUTTER : It is a type of putter where the shaft is attached to the middle of the head.

CHILI - DIP : It is an incorrect form of hitting that occurs when the club head is hit on the ground (grass) without touching the ball around the green.

CHIP SHOT : It is a form of kick that allows the ball to roll into the green from a place close to the edge of the green, by being less ventilated.

CHIPPEN : It is a short and not too airy shot towards the green .

CHIPPER : It is the name given to clubs with a medium loft angle, used to make chips.

CHOKE DOWN : Holding Club from under the grip.

CHUNK : It is an incorrect form of hitting that occurs when the club head is hit on the ground (grass) before the ball. This beat is also called fat.

CLEEK : It is a term of Scottish origin. This term is also expressed by different words such as short cleeks, long cleeks, driving cleeks, putting cleeks.

CLOSED FACE : It is the point of view of the club face towards the target to the left of the target during the address or impact. (The phrase is for right-handed shooters).

CLOSED STANCE : It is the name given to the hitting stance made by keeping the left foot closer to the target direction with the ball than the right foot. For right-handed shooters. For left-handed shooters, the situation is the opposite. That is, the right foot is closer to the direction.

CLUB : Golf clubs used to hit the ball outside the green in the game of golf. A golf club called putter is used in the green.

CLUB FACE : It is the batting part of the Club.

CLUB HEAD : It is the part of the club that is separated from the shaft by the neck and extends from the heel to the tip on the back of the striking surface.

COCKING THE WRISTS: It is the upward bending of the wrists towards the end of the stroke during the backswing.

COMMITTEE : Game committee. It is the board responsible for the management of the competitions and the layout of the field.

COMPETITOR / FELLOW COMPETITOR : The player participating in the golf number game competition is called a competitor. Every player playing with the competitor is a fellow competitor, that is, a fellow competitor. Neither is a partner of the other. In four-point and four-point games, the terms competitor and co-competitor include both players who are accompanied by each other.

COUCH GRASS:  A term used to describe long-rooted and weeds.

COURSE : Field. It is the entire area devoted to the game of golf.

CROSS BUNKER : It is the bunker that cuts the fairway line vertically.

CUP : It is a metal hive placed in the pit in the green, in accordance with the dimensions in the rules. Its diameter is 108 mm and its depth is at least 100 mm. Its upper mouth was buried 2.5 mm below the grass level. At the same time, the hole in the green with a flag stick is called a cup.

CUT SHOT : It is a soft stroke form that makes the ball aerate too much and roll very little. It is usually made with sand iron. The ball that is hit clockwise spins curves from left to right.

DEAD / STONE DEAD : The ball stops very close to the hole at the end of the stroke. The next putting kick is made only as a formality.

DIMPLES : Small indentations on the golf ball that allow it to fly smoothly.

DIVOT : It is the name given to the piece that the stick head breaks off from the grass when it is hit.

DOG - LEG HOLE : It is the shape of the fairway that occurs when the part of the fairway that is closer to the green changes its normal direction and makes a bend to the right or left.

DORMIE : A term used in Macthplay that describes when a player collects too many points and becomes invincible. The number of pits won means more pits to play.

DOUBLE BOGEY : It is a score that is two more than the par number.

DOUBLE EAGLE : It is a score that is 3 less than the par number. The event, which is called by this name in the USA, is known as the albatross in England. Applies only to pits with par numbers 4 and 5. It is done very rarely.

DOUBLE GREEN : There are two holes on the surface of this type of greens. These are relics of golf from the earliest days of golf, with the front nine and back nine being played in the same place.

DOWNHILL LIE : It is the inclination of the ball to be hit downhill with respect to the target.

DOWNHILL SHOTS : These are the hits whose direction is downhill.

DOWNSWING / FORWAD SWING : The second of the three parts of the swing swing. It is the part of the backswing from the peak to the moment of kicking the ball. This part is also called "Forewardswing".

DRAW : It is a form of hitting the ball that is slightly curved from right to left with the effect of anti-clockwise spin in the direction of the target. (Recipe is for right-handed shooters)

DRIVE : It is the kick-off made on the tee. It is generally done with wood club no.

DRIVER : Sticks used for kick-off. Kick-off is usually taken with the number 1 wood club.

DRIVING RANCE : Apart from the fairways, these are the training areas, generally 300 meters long, where the training of using the clubs properly is done.

DROP : It is done to put a ball out of play, with or without penalty points, according to the rules back into play. The player, standing upright according to the rules, raises his arm vertically upwards from shoulder level and leaves the ball to fall behind him. Where the ball stops is the new kick point.

DUB : It is the name usually given to bad hits. It is also used for novice players who are new to the game. Novice players are also called Duffer, Hacker.

DUFFER / DUP / HACKER : Used as slang. It is the name given to beginners, players with weak technique.

DURCHSCHWUNG (German) : It is the second part of the swing, in which the ball is kicked after the backswing. It is the opposite of forwardswing or downswwing in English.

EAGLE : It is the score that is two less than the par number.

ECLECTIC COMPETITON : It is the competition where the best score is selected. It is a very special form of competition. It is a long competition held by the same players on the same field, with the number of weeks or months determined according to the rules. A final evaluation is made by determining the best scores of each player for each hole, and accordingly the winner and other rankings are determined. (For example, the best score of the player who played the same hole 8 or 10 times competes with the best score of the other players.)

EQIPMENT : Materials that a player uses, wears, takes with him or carries during the game. During the play of a hole, the ball played and small objects such as ballmarks or tees, which serve to indicate the location of the ball or the point to be dropped, are excluded from this definition. The definition of playing equipment includes motorized or non-motorized golf carts.

ETIQUETTE / GOOD BEHAVIOUR : It is the most important part of all rules. It is all of the movements that should not be done or desired to be done in the best way, in or on the edge of the golf course, during the game or while waiting. In short, it is a gentlemanly game request.

EXPLOSION SHOT : It is the shot made to the ball buried in the sand in the bunker.

FACE : It is the name given to the front part of the club head that allows hitting the ball. There are parallel thin slits, called grooves, which give the ball its spin motion.

FADE : It is a stroke form where the ball is slightly curved from left to right with the effect of clockwise spin in the direction of the target. (The recipe is for right-handed shooters.) The directions are opposite for right- or left-handed players.

FAIRWAY : It is an area covered with grass, which extends between the teeing ground and the green on which the game is played, and the length generally varies between 100 and 600 yards.

FAIRWAY WOODS : It is the name given to all of the woods 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, except for the wood number 1, which is shot over the tee and called the driver. With these, you can hit the fairway without a tee.

FAT : It is an incorrect form of hitting that occurs when the club head hits the ground (grass) before the ball. This hit is also called chunk.

FEATHERY : It is a golf ball made by filling boiled feathers into a leather bag. It was discontinued with the production of the Guttie cannon in 1880, as it was not very resistant to impacts.

FELLOW COMPETITOR : Competition mate. Other players playing with a player in Stroke competition, whether they are peers or rivals, are called competition mates.

FLAG COMPETITION : It is one of the game types in golf. Here, players are given the Number of Special Hits based on their handicap. This number is equal to the sum of the par number of the court and the player's handicap. (Example: If a player with 18 handicaps plays on a 72 par field, the Special Hit Number of this player is 72+18=90 hits.) The number of players is limited. Players start from the first hole and continue the game until the number of special strokes is exhausted. They plant a flag with their name on it, where their last shot ends. The person closest to the 18th hole is considered the winner of the game. Other rankings of the players are determined according to their distance degrees.

FLAGSTIC / PIN : It is a removable, round cross section flat pole placed in the middle of the hole to determine the location of the hole, with or without a flag. Its length should not be shorter than 210 cm and its diameter should not be wider than 2 cm. 

FLANGE : It is the name given to the part of the sole under the head of the iron club ladan, where the wide part of the sole protrudes backwards and merges with the shaft.

FLAT SWING : It is a form of backswing made by keeping the club below shoulder level. This style of hitting is often misunderstood, but many good golfers like Ben Hogan have it.

FLIER : The ball travels much farther than normal when kicked. This occurs because the ball does not spin due to the club. It is mostly seen in strokes made from the rough or on wet grass. The reason is that the grass gets between the ball and the grooves on the club face and prevents the ball from getting spin.

FLIGHT : A team consisting of two, three or at most four players. FOLLOW - THROUGH / THROUGH SWING: It is the last of the three parts of the swing swing, and it is the part that ends with the club rising by curving upwards above the shoulder after hitting the ball. Also called throughswing.

FORE : It is a warning call made by golfers so that the ball does not hit anyone on the golf course.

FORECADDIE : Lookout caddie. They are the spotters assigned to the field by the game committee to determine the location of the balls and inform the players. Lookout caddies are considered a non-game factor.

FORWARDSWIN DOWNSWING : It is the second of the three parts of the swing swing, and it is the part from the top of the backswing to the moment of hitting the ball. Also called Downswing.

FOUR - BALL BETTER BALL : It is one of the game types in golf. It is the competition of the best balls of two match players against the best balls of the other two match players. In America, this game is called foursomes.

FOURSOMES : It is one of the game types in golf. A form of play in which two players compete with two other players and both sides play with one ball. The ball is hit in turn, one of the partners makes odd and the other even-numbered hits.

FREE DROP : It is a form of drop made without penalty points according to golf rules.

FRIED EGGS LIE : Used as slang. The fact that the ball is half buried in the sand in the bunker is called.

FRINGE / ARPON : It is the grass strip surrounding the green. Its grass length is slightly shorter than fairway grass and slightly longer than green grass. It is also called apron and semigreen.

It is the grass around the green.

FROG S HAIR : It is the name given to the first 9 holes in an 18-hole golf course.

GIMME : Used as slang. The kicked ball stops very close to the hole. In such a situation, the ball is deemed to have entered the hole for the next stroke.

GOLF ARTICLES : It consists of team clubs, bags, towels, playing cards, umbrellas, gloves, balls, tees, ball marks, pitchfork and golf rules book.

GOLF TEES : They are plastic or wooden sticks of 3-5 cm that are used to keep the ball above the ground in order to hit the ball from the starting point.

GOLF WIDOW : It is the name given to the wife of the golfer who spends all his time on the field.

GRAIN : Some grass extensions seen on the green.

GREAT TRIUMVIRATE : It is the name given to three successful professional golfers of England before the First World War, James Braid, JH and Harry Vardon.

GREEN : Special grass covered islets at the end of each fairway, in which there is a hole for the ball to enter.

GREEN FEE : It is the playground fee paid for playing golf.

GREEN JACKET : It is a green jacket worn by the previous US Masters Champion to the person who becomes the US Masters Champion every year.

GREEN KEEPER : Person responsible for the layout of the golf course.

FOLLOW - THROUGH / THROUGH SWING : It is the last of the three parts of the swing swing, and it is the part that ends with the club rising by curving upwards above the shoulder after hitting the ball. Also called throughswing.

FORE : It is a warning call made by golfers so that the ball does not hit anyone on the golf course.

FORECADDIE : Lookout caddie. They are the spotters assigned to the field by the game committee to determine the location of the balls and inform the players. Lookout caddies are considered a non-game factor.

FORWARDSWIN DOWNSWING : It is the second of the three parts of the swing swing, and it is the part from the top of the backswing to the moment of hitting the ball. Also called Downswing.

FOUR - BALL BETTER BALL : It is one of the game types in golf. It is the competition of the best balls of two match players against the best balls of the other two match players. In America, this game is called foursomes.

FOURSOMES : It is one of the game types in golf. A form of play in which two players compete with two other players and both sides play with one ball. The ball is hit in turn, one of the partners makes odd and the other even-numbered hits.

FREE DROP : It is a form of drop made without penalty points according to golf rules.

FRIED EGGS LIE : Used as slang. The fact that the ball is half buried in the sand in the bunker is called.

FRINGE / ARPON : It is the grass strip surrounding the green. Its grass length is slightly shorter than fairway grass and slightly longer than green grass. It is also called apron and semigreen.

It is the grass around the green.

FROG S HAIR: It is the name given to the first 9 holes in an 18-hole golf course.

GIMME : Used as slang. The kicked ball stops very close to the hole. In such a situation, the ball is deemed to have entered the hole for the next stroke.

GOLF ARTICLES : It consists of team clubs, bags, towels, playing cards, umbrellas, gloves, balls, tees, ball marks, pitchfork and golf rules book.

GOLF TEES : They are plastic or wooden sticks of 3-5 cm that are used to keep the ball above the ground in order to hit the ball from the starting point.

GOLF WIDOW : It is the name given to the wife of the golfer who spends all his time on the field.

GRAIN : Some grass extensions seen on the green.

GREAT TRIUMVIRATE : It is the name given to three successful professional golfers of England before the First World War, James Braid, JH and Harry Vardon.

GREEN : Special grass covered islets at the end of each fairway, in which there is a hole for the ball to enter.

GREEN FEE : It is the playground fee paid for playing golf.

GREEN JACKET : It is a green jacket worn by the previous US Masters Champion to the person who becomes the US Masters Champion every year.

GREEN KEEPER : Person responsible for the layout of the golf course.

GREENIES : This is a betting game. Players pay a certain amount of bet money they accept among themselves to the player who takes the longest hit from the tee to the green. This game is made on 3 par pits. The ball must land on the putting green. The ball closest to the hole wins.

GREENSOMES : It is one of the golf game types. This game is played with two pairs of four people. All four players make their own first hits from the tee in all holes. The game starts with the ball of the best hitting team. Second hits are made by the other partners with the same ball and 18 holes are completed with the rule of playing in turns. This game can be played in three ways according to Matchplay, Strokeplay, Stableford Bogey systems.

GRIP : It is the upper part of the handle shaft equipped with suitable material in order to prevent the hand from slipping during the stroke. The grip should be flat and no part of it should be shaped to fit the hands.

GROOVES: Thin slits in the form of grooves running parallel to each other on the striking surface. These give the ball spin.

GROOSS SCORE / BRUTTO : The total number of strokes made in 18 holes . In Europe it is also called brutto.

GROUND UNDER REPAIR : It is the temporary removal of a part of the playing field from the game in order to reorganize the broken parts. The balls falling here are dropped in accordance with the rules without penalty points, and the game continues.

HALF SET : All of the clubs required for the golf game are called Full Set. These are 14 pieces, including 4 Woods-9 Irons-1 Putter. According to the rules of golf in normal, informal games, players have to go out onto the playing field with a golf bag called "Half Set" which contains 7-8 clubs. HALVED PIT: Sharing the pit. The hole is considered to be shared when the parties complete the hole with the same number of strokes.

HANDICAP : It is the number difference between the player's par and the degree of finishing the game as a result of the golf game. For example, a player who finishes a 72 par game in 78 strokes has a handicap of 6. The handicap determination of players is made at official golf clubs. It is the average of three game scores. It is determined by a special card. The highest handicap score was accepted as 28 for men and 36 for women.

HANDICAP COMPETITION : These are the competitions where handicap points are taken into account.

HANGING LIE : The ball is resting on an inclined court surface, either forward or backward.

HASKEL BALL : It is the first name of the rubber core ball invented by Coburn Haskel in 1898.

HAZARDS : It is the name given to all kinds of obstacles that show continuity. (Water barrier, ditch, waterbed, bunker, 

HEEL (Of Club) : It is the last part where the club head meets the shaft.

HIGH SIDE : It is the name given to the higher court surface located above the hole on a sloping green. The lower part of the field is called the low side.

HOLE : On the green, it is the pit into which the ball is inserted. The diameter of the pit is 108 mm and its depth is at least 100 mm. If a hive is to be placed in the pit, the top mouth of the hive should be buried at least 25 mm below the turf, if the soil structure does not prevent it. The outer diameter of the hollow bucket should not exceed 108 mm.

HOLE : It is one of the 18 playgrounds in the golf course that starts with the teeing ground and ends with the fairway and ends with the green, and is named according to its number. (5th hole, 10th hole etc.)

HOLE IN-ONE : The ball goes into the hole on the first hit. Also known as Ace.

HONOUR : The honor of starting the game. The right to take the first kick from the starting place when playing a hole. The first kick-off is determined by drawing lots. The player who won the previous game takes the kick-off in the ongoing holes. In the event of a tie, this player's right of honor continues. In groups of more than two people, the ranking continues from the player with the good score to the player with the bad score.

HOOD - HOODED : It is to reduce the loft angle of the club played as much as possible. For this, the club face is slightly inclined towards the closed state and the shaft towards the target.

HOOK : It is the ball that takes off in a straight direction and then changes its direction by making a bend. For right-handed players, the ball changes direction by curving from right to left, for left-handed players from left to right. There are three different types:

Raight Hook : It is the bending of the ball going in the direction of the target.

Puul Hook : It is the curve of the ball going to the left of the target.

Push Hook : It is the bend of the ball going to the right of the target.

Note : The directions of Pull and Push are opposite directions of each other according to right or left handed players.

HOSEL : It is the place where the heel part of the head and the handle of the stick meet. It is where the shaft and head meet.

IMPACT : The moment the club face hits the ball is the moment of impact.

INSERT : It is a square plastic piece placed on the face in wood clubs.

INSIDE : It is the part of the field on the player's side with the ball in the direction of the goal (according to the Intended Line). That is the part on the left.

INSIDE OUT : It is the movement of the club head from the inside area to the outside area according to the intended line (Target Line) while hitting.

INSIDE THE LEATHER : It is the situation where the distance of the ball to the hole is less than the distance between the putter's head and the grip in the putt kick.

I NTENDED LINE / TARGET LINE : It is the direction in which the player wants the ball to go after the kick.

INTERLOCKING GRIP: It is the name given to the grip that is formed by wrapping the pinky finger of the right hand from under the index finger of the left hand while grasping the club. It is often used by players with short hands and fingers to create a smooth grip.

IRON : These are the clubs that are used to hit the balls in the fairway and have different angles, therefore different numbers. There are eleven different varieties. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, pw, sw.)

KWEEK GRASS : It is the name of a green plant originating from South Africa. It is very difficult to play on this type of grass, which is not used much in golf courses.

LAG : Putting in the hole from a distance is standing very close to the hole.

LATERAL WATER HAZARD : Side water barrier. It is a water obstacle or a part of it that extends parallel to the edge of the playing court, where it is not possible to drop the ball from behind the water obstacle in accordance with the rules due to its location on the field, or is interpreted as such by the game committee. The part of the water barrier that counts as a side water barrier should be clearly marked and its borders should be marked with red wedges or lines.

LEADER BOARD : It is the big table showing the game results.

LEFT HANDED PLAYER : Left-handed player. For these players, the right and left directions are the opposite of the directions described in the rules.

LIE : Club angle. It is the angle between the shaft and the sole. (55° to 63° angle)

LIE : The ball stance. It is the final state of the ball where it lands after the stroke is completed. This situation changes from good to bad depending on the hit.

LINE : It is the intended direction of the hit.

LINE OF PLAY : The playing line is the direction that the player wants his ball to push after hitting, and the reasonable distance to either side of the designed direction. The playing line extends into the hole but does not extend beyond the hole.

LINE OF PUTTING : The putting line is the line where the player wants the ball to go after hitting the putting green. Except for consideration of special rules, the putt line covers a reasonable distance on either side of the designed line. The putting line does not extend beyond the hole.

LINKS : Seaside golf course. They are golf courses established near the coastline, covered with grass islets and having sandy soil.

LIP : It is the name given to the edge of the hole mouth or bunker.

LIPING THE CUP : It is the change of direction by sliding the ball to the right or left when it comes to the hole, in the shot made on the green.

LOB : It is a form of hitting that falls on the ground very softly and makes the ball very airy.

LOCAL RULES : Apart from the general rules, they are the local rules related to the characteristics of the playing field. These rules are written in detail on the back of the scorecard.

LOFT : It is the angle of inclination of the strike surface. (10°- 58°) Provides the flight distance of the ball.

LOFTED STROKE : It is the stroke made to air the ball high. It is made with clubs with a large loft angle.

LONG GAME : This is the part of the game that includes long strokes of 100, 250 yards.

LONG IRON : These are modern iron clubs with the least loft degree, used to make long shots from the fairway. 

LOOSE IMPEDIMENTS : Rootless objects are natural objects such as stones, gravel, branches, leaves, thorns, manure, animals such as earthworms, insects, and clusters caused by these, which are not fixed in the soil and do not have roots in the soil, do not stick to the ball. Sand and soil clumps are not covered by this definition only if they are on green. The interpretation of snow and ice as rootless bodies is left to the player's choice. It falls under the definition of artificial ice. The rime is not a rootless body. Rootless objects can be removed without penalty points.

LOW SIDE : The name given to the lower court surface at the bottom of the hole on a sloping green.

LPGA : Ladies Professional Golf Association. An abbreviation for the Association of Professional Women's Golfers.

MAKING THE CUT: During a competition, the player must complete at least ten strokes given as the limit in order to continue the tournament.

MARK : It is an object in the form of a thumbtack in various colors used to determine the place of the ball that has been removed from the green in accordance with the rules. In its absence, coins can be used for this purpose.

MARKER : The marker is the person assigned by the game committee to record the competitor's strokes in the scoring game. This person may be another competitor, but not the referee.

MASHIE : It is a very old expression and is the name given to 5 iron or 6 iron.

MATCHPLAY : It is a game form based on digging or losing pits. In this game, the champion is determined by the number of holes won, not the number of hits.

MEDAL PLAY : It is a game form based on the number of strokes. It takes place quite a lot in professional tournaments. It is based on the rule of finishing the competition with the least number of strokes. This is also called strokeplay.

MEDIUM IRON : The modern iron used for the Greene approach hit is the club. (These are Iron clubs no. 5 - 6 - 7.)

METAL WOOD : Recently, it has been left to woods made of light metals, instead of the classical woods, which have been known for a long time and whose head is made of wood and plastic. There are seven different types according to their angle degrees.

MOVE / MOVED : It is called changing the place where the ball was first found. According to the rules that match the reason for the ball's movement, the player either receives a penalty or not.

MULLIGAN : It is a phrase generally used by Americans. It is the name given to a very bad starting shot from the first tee to the game. In informal games, this kick is not counted, the player starts the game with a second kick. In official games, the game rules do not grant such a right.

NASSAU : It is a kind of betting game. An 18 hole game is divided into 3 match segments. The first is the first nine-hole section, the second is the last nine-hole section, and the third is the entire 18-hole section. A separate winning bet is placed for each section. The result is a 2-1 or 3-0 victory.

NET SCORE / NETTO : It is the score after subtracting the handicap number from the gross score (total score).

NGF : National Golf Foundation

NIBLICK : It is an old iron name that is similar to the 9 iron used today. With a heavy head and broad face, this type of stick was used to get the ball out of trouble or over hazards.

NINETEENTH HOLE : The name given to the bar in the clubhouse or golf course.

OBSERVER : The observer is the person assigned by the game committee to determine the ones that are against the rules during the competition on the field and convey them to the referee and assist him in the decisions to be taken by the referee. The observer must not raise the flagpole; must not indicate the location of the hole, stand nearby, lift the ball or mark its location.

OBSTRUCTIONS : All kinds of artificial artifacts and artificial ice, including the surface and edges, which are artificially arranged on the edges of the roads and paths on the field, are considered obstacles.

Out of Scope : Objects such as walls, railings, wedges or fences that define the out-of-bounds areas, Any part of an artificial fixed object located outside the boundary, Any facility specified by the Game committee as a part (an outbuilding) of the field.

OFF THE PACE: The number difference between the players as the number of hits

OPEN FACE : If the club face's point of view towards the target points to the right of the target during the Address or Impact, it is called an open face.

OPEN STANCE : It is the name given to the stace sa, which is made with the right foot closer to the target direction with the ball than the left foot. (This expression is for right-handed shooters. The situation is opposite for left-handed shooters. Left foot is forward.)

OPPONENT : It is the name given to the rival players in the competition.

OUT OF BOUNDS : Out of bounds is the area where it is forbidden to play. So it's out of the game. An area with wedges, railings, or fence posts is considered out-of-bounds if the exclusion is indicated by tow bars or wire fences.

*The out-of-bounds line runs up and down as two paths.

*A ball is considered out of bounds if all of it is out of bounds.

*The player can hit a ball inside the boundary by standing outside the boundary.

OUTSIDE : It is the part of the field that is on the opposite side of the player in relation to the goal line with the ball (according to the Intended line), that is, the part on the right.

OUTSIDE AGENCY : Non-game factors. They are obstacles that prevent the ball hit inside the border outside the border. An appropriate stroke pattern is determined by local rules.

OUTSIDE IN : It is the movement of the club head from the outside area to the inside area according to the Intended Line (Target Line) while hitting.

OVERCLUBBING : Wrong stick selection that sends the ball farther than intended. For example: While it is necessary to hit with iron number 7, iron number 6 is used.

PAR : It is the minimum number of strokes determined as the most perfect stroke of a very good golfer according to course lengths.

There are generally 3 types of par:

-Par Three : It is used for courses up to 250 yards for men and 210 yards for women.

-Par Four : It is used for courses between 251 7 yards for men and 211 / 40 yards for women.

-Par Five : It is used for courses between 471 and longer for men and between 401 and 575 yards for women.

Note : There is also a Par Six for women, used for courses of 576 yards and longer.

PARTNER : Game partner. Players united in a team become each other's game partner. In three, four, best ball or four-ball competitions, the player experience is all-matched by rules.

PENALTY STROKE : Penalty number is the number added to the actual hit count of a player or team for an illegal act.

PGA : Professional Golfer's Association. Acronym for Professional Golfers Association. 

PIN : Unofficial name of the flagstick.

PIN HIGH : It is the process of hitting the ball towards the green at pin height. It is done in windy weather. 

PITCH SHOT : It is a high approach shot towards the green. The ball does not roll much after it hits the ground.

PITCH-AND-RUN : It is an approach hit that makes the ball roll more by giving it little ventilation.

PITCHING WEDGE : It is the name given to the iron club used for Pitchshot. The loft angle is 49°, and the loft angle is 63°.

PLANE : It is the imaginary surface forming the swing circle.

PLAYCLUB : It is an old name given to the driving club used until the end of the 19th century. It shows close resemblance to the number 2 wood or driver.

PLAYING THROUGH : A group of players who play very slowly propose to the group that has to wait in line behind them to jump ahead according to the rules of "Etiquette".

PLUGGED LIE : The ball is stuck in the form of a plug or buried in the ground by entering a small hole or notch after the stroke. The ball is taken to the side of the pit and a kick is made without penalty points.

POT : It is the name given to small and very deep bunkers.

POT BUNKER : It is the name given to the small, round and deep bunkers found in traditional English links.

PREFERRED LIE : The ball is in a place or situation not described in golf rules after the stroke. In such a case, as per the rules, the player may place the ball in a suitable place on the fairway to take his next kick and will not be penalized.

Note : Preferred lie and Plugged lie usually occur in winter seasons or on uneven fairways.

PRO : A person who is a golf player or golf teacher by profession.

PRO-AM : It is a professional player forming a team of amateur players.

PROSS : Professional person who can teach golf or play in tournaments.

PROSHOP : These are the stores inside the golf club that sell all kinds of golf products.

PROVISIONAL BALL : Provisional ball is the new ball that is put into play in accordance with the rules in case the played ball is lost or goes out of bounds.

PULL : After the kick, the ball moves in a straight direction to the left of the Targıt Line. This is the direction of right-handed players. For left-handed players, the direction is to the right.

PUSH : It is the movement of the ball to the right of the Target Line in a straight direction after the hit. This is the direction of right-handed players. For left-handed players, the direction is to the left.

PUNCH SHOT : It is a shot style that is generally used in windy weather. In order to reduce the effect of the wind on the ball, longer distance clubs should be used instead of the club that should be used for the distance to be reached. Example: Club #7 should be used instead of iron #8, club #4 should be used instead of iron #5.

PUTTER : It is the club used to kick the ball inside the green. Also called pata.

PUTTING : Putt kick. Green is also the kick made to get the ball into the hole.

PUTTING GREEN : It is a special application area made for the training of putting the ball into the hole in the green.

RABBIT : It is the name given to the first golfers .

READING THE COURSE : It is to determine the hitting tactics in a healthy way by thoroughly examining the field situation regarding the path the ball will follow during the stroke, in order to ensure that the hole to be played is completed in the most perfect way.

READING THE GREEN : It is the determination of the stroke pattern by thoroughly examining the path the ball will follow during the stroke, in order to ensure that the ball on the green enters the hole without error.

REFEREE : Referee. He is the person appointed by the game committee to follow and observe the players on the field during the competition, to ensure the functionality of the golf and competition rules, to intervene and to conclude the behavior that violates the rules that he sees or communicates to him.

RIGHT HANDED PLAYER : It is a right-handed player.

ROOKIE : It is the name given to players who are new to professional golf tournaments.

ROUGH : The areas surrounding the fairway, but covered with grass cut as thin as the fairway.

ROUND : Playing all 18 holes on the golf course during a game. Official tournaments are usually held in 4 rounds, starting on Thursday and ending on Sunday.

RUB OF THE GREN : Game possibilities; The accidental deflecting or stopping of the ball while it is in motion by external factors. Sometimes it's good and sometimes it's bad.

RUBBER CORE BALL : It is the ball invented by Haskell in 1898 and changed the game of golf. Also known as the Haskell Ball, this ball has a solid rubber in its center. It is tautly wrapped with a flexible rope and covered with gum. The rubber core top replaces the guttie.

RULES : The world of golf is governed by two large organizations:

SAND BAGGER : In order to gain success in competitions, the master player shows himself at a lower level than he is.

SAND BUNKER : They are pits filled with sand placed on the fairways and around the greens in order to make it difficult for the ball to enter the hole.

SAND TRAP / BUNKER : It is a second name used by the Americans for the bunker.

SAND WEDGE : These are the clubs used for hitting the balls falling on the bunkers and sand barriers. It can also be used for pitchshot. Loft angle is 56°, lie angle is 63°.

SCOOP : It is a horse carriage used to remove the soil in the first years of golf course construction.

SCORE : The total number of hits played with the ball. It is written on the score cards.

SCORE BOARD / SCORE CARD : It is a pre-printed card where the strokes are processed for 18 holes and the flares and distances are shown for each hole.

SCRATCH PLAY : These are the competitions played without handicap, where handicap points are not taken into account.

SCRATCHPLAYER : A player with zero handicap points.

SEMI GREEN / APRON / FRINGE : It is the grass strip surrounding the green.

SET / FULL SET : Clubs required for a tournament. (Maximum is 14 pieces; 4 wood, 9 iron, 1 putter)

ADDRESS / Addressing The Ball : It is the player's preparation to hit the ball. The player states that he has entered the stroke state by touching his club to a place behind the ball and takes the shot. The club sign is not obligatory for hurdles. It is sufficient that the player has entered the batting state.

SHAFT : It is the longest part of the club that is connected to the head part by the neck. The shaft must be straight across its entire length and flexural and torsion equally in all directions, directly connected to the heel per club or connected to a neck section or sleeve. Shafts can be fixed all over the head.

SHANK : It is the worst form of hitting in golf. It occurs as a result of hitting the ball with the hosel part of the club and the ball is thrown to the right. (For right-handed players)

SHORT GAME : It consists of approach hits such as chipping, bunker and putting hits against the Green within the 100-yard section.

SHORT IRONS : These are the iron clubs used to pass the ball over obstacles or bunkers and to make a short approach to the Green. (8, 9, PW, SW)

SHUT / CLOSED : Shut expression "closed" means closed, it is used in promotions of stance and clubface. (Closed stance=Shut stance) (Closed Face=Shut Face)

SIDEHILL SHOT : It is a form of hitting made from an inclined surface that cuts the target line. Depending on the target and the ball, the player shoots by standing either at the top or the bottom of the slope.

SIDES AND MACHES : Sides and game types in the pit game:

-Sides : One, two or more players in common with each other.

-Single (Duo) : It is a game played between two opponents.

-Threesome : It is a game in which one player competes against two players and both sides play with one ball. The ball is hit sequentially.

-Foursome : It is a game in which two players compete with two other players and both sides play with one ball. The ball is hit in sequence.

-Three ball : Three players compete against each other with their own balls. Each player is separate

plays two separate matches for the opponent.

-Best ball : It is a competition of one person against the better ball of two players or the best ball of three players.

-Four ball : It is the competition of two match players against the best balls of the other two match players.

Note : 3 ball and best ball can only be played as Matchplay, others can be played both as Matchplay and Stroke Play.

SKINS / SYNDICATES : It is a kind of betting game about golf. A form of betting paid by other players to the lowest scorer on a hole. These are also called syndicates. In case of a tie, the bet continues on the next hole.

SKULL / BLADE / THIN / TOP : It is hitting the ball from the top of its center with the lower edge of the face instead of the club's face. The ball does not take off much, it rolls close to the ground or quickly on the ground. This wrong hit is also given the names above.

SKY / SKYED SHOT : The ball takes off much higher than the intended shot and falls in a much shorter distance. This occurs when the club gets under the ball too much at the time of the kick.

SLICE : It is the ball that takes off in a straight direction and then changes its direction by making a bend. It is the change of direction of the ball by curving from left to right for right-handed players and from right to left for left-handed players.

There are three different types:

-Straight Slice : It is the curve of the ball going in the direction of the target.

-Pull Slice : It is the curve of the ball going to the left of the target.

-Push Slice : It is the bend point of the ball going to the right of the target.

Note : The directions of Pull and Push are opposite directions of each other according to right and left handed players.

SOLE : It is the lower face of the club head that touches the ground.

SPIKE : These are the nails on the bottom of golf shoes.

SPIN : It is the rotation of the ball around its own axis like a pinwheel. Thin slits on the club face, called Grooveve, extending parallel to each other, give the ball the spin movement. Three types of spin can be given to the ball: right, left and back. Rightspin and leftspin cause the ball to curve to the right or left while in the air, while backspin causes the ball to roll slightly after it hits the ground.

SPOON : It is the traditional name of fairway wood, which has equivalent features with modern 3 wood.

SOLEPLATE : It is the metal plate pieces under the wooden clubs.

SQUARE BODY / SQUARE HIPS : In preparation for the shot, the direction of the shoulders or hips is parallel to the target line.

SQUARE FACE : It is the direction of the clubface to look at the target perpendicular to the target line during the address or impact.

SQUARE STANCE : The line of the toes is parallel to the target line in the hitting stance. This is the rating of a golf course based on par number and difficulty level. If it is different from the par number, it must be absolutely shown on the scorecard.

STANDARD SCRATCHT SCORE / FAQ : Golf is one of the varieties of the game. This game is played with two pairs of four people. It is very similar to the game Greensome. The only difference is that the second hits are not necessarily made by the other partners. One of the pairs continues the game by making the compulsory second strokes of the odd numbered holes and the other the even numbered holes, and then they complete the hole that was started in the order of the row. In this game, as in Greensome, it can be played with three different systems.

STABLEFORD : It is a kind of competition game played with points determined according to the rules.

STANCE : It is called the striking stance when the player places their feet for the kick in preparation for the kick. It has three forms: sqare, open, closed, and stance.

STIPULETED ROUND : Unless another decision has been taken since the game committee, playing the holes in the field in the correct order is called a round. The number of holes in a round is 18 unless shortened by the game committee.

STONE DEAD / DEAD : The ball stops very close to the hole at the end of the stroke. The next putting kick is made only as a formality.

STROKE RECEIVED : It is the number of additional strokes earned by players with handicap points according to different golf games. These numbers are related to handicap scores, but compared to them 3/4 vs 7/8 vs. are slightly smaller.

STROKE : Kicking the ball with the club is called a stroke.

STROKE AND DISTANCE : If the ball is lost or goes to a place where it cannot be played during the stroke, the player takes a penalty and makes the throw from the old place.

STROKE INDEX : Numbers from 1 to 18 in the Stroke Index column of the Scorecard are ordered according to the difficulty level of the pits. Number (1) indicates the hardest hole and number (18) indicates the easiest hole. These numbers show the number of additional strokes handicap players will earn in some golf games based on their handicap points.

STROKEPLAYB / MEDAL PLAY : It is a game based on the number of strokes . Nowadays, it takes place quite a lot in professional tournaments. It is based on the rule of finishing the competition with the least number of strokes. This game is also called Medal Play.

STYMIED : One or more balls are in a position to interfere with the player's ball on the putting green.

SUDDEN DEATH : If two or more players are tied after the regular round or rounds of the game are over, it is the play-off practice to determine the winner.

SWEETSPOT : It is the contact of the ball with the most suitable point on the batting surface of the club at the time of kick.

SWING : It is a circular movement to hit the ball with the club. It consists of three parts: Backswing, Downswing, Follow Through.

TAKEAWAY : It is the starting movement of the backswing.

TANGLED GRASS : It is the untouched, unorganized grassy parts of the golf course.

TAP-IN : Putting shot very close to the hole.

TEE-GOLF TEE : Teeing are wooden or plastic nails of 3-5 cm that are used to keep the ball above the ground when hitting from the ground.

TEEING GROUND / TEE BOX / TEE : Starting place. It is the place where the first kick-off is made in the play of each hole. The starting place is a rectangular area, marked by the outer edges of the two marks placed. Its width is at least the length of two clubs.

TEMPO AND TIMING : It is the harmony of various body parts in a timed tempo during the continuation of the swing track from beginning to end.

TEXAS SCRAMBLE : It is one of the golf game types. This is a team game. It is played between teams. Teams can be up to four people. The game starts with the kicks of the team players from the 1st tee. The team captain chooses the best hits made by the players. The other players of the team take their second hit by bringing their balls to the same chosen spot. Again, the best of the second beats is chosen and the place of the third beat is determined. From here, team players take their third hit. The game continues in the same way and ends with any of the players putting their ball into the hole played. And thus, the Stroke Number of the team is determined.

TEXAS WEDGE : It is the form of hitting with a Putter from outside the green.

THIN / BLADE / SKULL / TOP : It is hitting the top of the center of the ball with the lower edge of the club face.

This is an incorrect hit. The ball does not take off much, it rolls close to the ground or quickly on the ground. This erroneous hit is also given the other names above.

THREE OF THE TEE : If the ball goes out of bounds after the tee hit, it is lost or will not be played.

is found in a situation, the player is penalized by one bad point and repeats the tee shot. This player's third hit counts.

THROUGH THE GREEN : Parkour. In the golf course, it is the other parts of the game where the game is played, excluding the teeing ground of the pit played, the putting green and all kinds of obstacles between them.

THROUGHSWING / FOLLOW THOUGH : The last of the three parts of the swing strike. It is the part of the swing kick that ends with the club rising by curving upwards to the top of the shoulder after hitting the ball. Also called follow-though.

TOE (Of The Club) : It is the most disconnected part of Clubface.

TOPPED SHOT-TOPPING-TOP (German Toppen) : To hit the ball from the top of its centre. A ball hit in this way does not take off, but rolls quickly or near the ground.

TPC-TOURNAMENT : Player's Corporation; Tournament Players Association.

TRAP : It is a second name given by the Americans to the Bunker.

TURN / (The Body) : During the backswing, the upper part of the body from the waist is turned backwards as much as possible.

UNDERCLUBBING : Each club has its own unique hit distance. The club selection that provides a hit below the distance taken as the target is called under club. (Example: For a distance to be reached with iron no. 5, iron club no. 6 or 7 is selected.)

UNPLAYABLE LIE : The ball stops in an inappropriate place and is too bad for the player to hit. Loses one bad point to the player. The game continues by making a drop.

UPHILL LIE : It is the inclination of the ball to be hit uphill with respect to the target (taget a).

UPHILL SHOT : It is a shot with an upward direction.

UPRIGHTSWING : It is a kind of backswing style and it is done by lifting the club almost vertically over the head.

USGA is an acronym for the United States Golf Association.

VARDON GRIP: It is the  way of holding the tip of the stick. In this grip, the little finger of the right hand rests on the index finger of the left hand. Although it is claimed by Harry Vardon that this form of grip was developed, this is not true. Vardon has only popularized this grip.

WAGGLE : It is the shaking concentration movement of the club head behind the ball before going into the hitting state in the Address.

WATER HAZARD : A water barrier is a sea, a lake, a pool, a stream, a ditch, surface drainage channels or other open water beds (whether or not they contain water) and the like. The boundaries of the water barrier extend vertically downwards and upwards. Wedges and lines that define the boundaries of the water obstacle are counted within the obstacle.

WEDGE : It is the name given to the last two iron clubs with the widest loft angles. Pitching Wedge ,PW (49° ) Sanding Wedge ,SW (56° )

WHFIF : It is when the kick made to the ball does not touch the ball, that is, it misses the ball. This counts as a hit. The game is resumed with a second hit.

WHIPPING : It is the covering of the neck area where the shaft comes together with the club head in wood clubs, by wrapping a plastic wire. This technique, which was used in the past, has lost its value today.

WINTER RULES : According to the rules, players can remove, clean and place the balls that are improperly on the fairway in winter or rainy muddy weather. (The displacement of the ball must be done within a 15 cm = 6 inch area, further away from the hole.)

WOOD : These are clubs that have different numbers to shoot at different distances, usually made of wood or plastic boards. It has seven genera.

Note : Recently, light metals have been used instead of wood and plastic.

WRIST COCK : It is the normal upward bending of the wrist while lifting the club upwards in the backswing.

WRONG BALL : Wrong ball. Any ball, except the following, is a wrong ball.

Playing ball, Temporary ball, Second ball played according to the rules in the points game.

Note : If play is continued with a ball that has been substituted by a player based on a rule, the substituted ball counts as the ball played.

YARDAGE CHART : It is a chart showing the plans of the pits in the golf course and their distance from the bunkers, trees, hazard etc.

YIPS : It is a nervous disorder that usually destroys the putting technique in close-range puttings and causes sudden and irritable movements.